The layoffs that have ravaged the publishing industry continue to roll, with three prominent b-to-b publishers cutting staff in an effort to reduce costs and survive the recession.Summit Business Media—a company that had been, until recently, on a buying spree—laid off 21 staffers last week and eliminated six vacant positions, FOLIO: has learned. As part of the cutbacks, a pair of senior executives—Joe Bennett, former Pfingsten president, and Jim Keefe, former senior vice president of the company’s events division—are leaving.Tom Flynn, the company’s chief financial officer, will take on the additional role of chief operating officer. Before the cuts, Summit employed 495. CEO Andy Goodenough told FOLIO: he has “flattened the organization and now have eight ‘revenue units’ reporting to me directly, up from four.” Crain Cuts 50 Meanwhile, Crain Communications, publisher of trade magazines including Advertising Age, Crain’s New York Business and TV Week, laid off 50 editorial staffers, according to a Paid Content report, and shuttered the print version of Financial Week.A rep for Crain did not return a request seeking comment. The company employs about 1,000 staffers.Tech Target Cuts 12 PercentPerhaps most eye-opening, however, was the news that Needham, Massachusetts-based publisher TechTarget—a company that has seen significant growth over the last few years—will slash 76 full-time staffers, or about 12 percent of its overall workforce.According to a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission Thursday (reported today by BtoB) the company also said it will close its two print magazines—Storage and Information Security.
ADC AUTHOR House lawmakers again attempted to approve a $19.1 billion disaster aid package Tuesday but for a second time a Republican representative blocked the chamber from clearing the bill, Roll Call reported.Rep. Thomas Massie (R-Ky.) objected to a second unanimous consent vote for the aid bill that would provide much-needed recovery funding for states recovering from natural disasters. It also includes repair funding for several military installations struggling to recover from major natural disasters, as On Base has reported.“If Speaker Pelosi considered this must-pass legislation, why did she send everybody home on recess for 10 days without voting on it? To pass a $19 billion bill like this, without a recorded vote, is legislative malpractice,” Massie said prior to blocking the unanimous consent vote.On Friday, Rep. Chip Roy (R-Texas), a member of the House Freedom Caucus, blocked the first unanimous consent vote to approve the package during the chamber’s weeklong Memorial Day recess.Roy’s objections included concerns about the approval process as well the lack of billions the Trump administration sought for handling a surge of migrants arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border.House and Senate negotiators agreed on the disaster bill last Thursday after border funding provisions were dropped from the measure.The next and final unanimous consent opportunity is expected Thursday afternoon, according to House Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.).
WILMINGTON, MA — The Wilmington School Committee recently received its August personnel report, recapping the changes to the school system’s staff over the summer recess.“Even within the last 24 hours, we’re contending with very last minute resignations. I doubt we’re unique compared to other districts. There’s lot of volatility right now,” noted School Superintendent Dr. Glenn Brand.Andrea Stern Armstrong, the district’s Director of Human Resources, told Committee members she is working diligently to get all positions filled as soon as possible. Her biggest priority is filling the six open educational assistant positions.In response to a question from School Committee member David Ragsdale, Armstrong believes there’s a variety of reasons why staff members are leaving the district, including salary, career advancement, family, and relocation. She noted many Educational Assistants are currently in school studying to become teachers. Once they graduate, they’ll pursue teacher positions and eventually resign as educational assistants.Below is a recap of changes documented by Armstrong. This information was provided on August 28, 2019, so many of the vacancies are likely now filled.Wilmington Middle School SPED Inclusion Teacher Jennifer Grandbois was hired to a new position.SPED Strides Program Teacher Hannah Laviolette resigned and was replaced by Lauren Kulakowski.Tech Ed/STEM Teacher Dennis Fitzgerald resigned and was replaced by Charles Ronchetti.SPED Inclusion Teacher Kristine Benning resigned and was replaced by Neil MacDonald.STEM Teacher Kevin Welch was transferred to the Shawsheen to become its 1-year Interim Assistant Principal. Welch was replaced by Edward Kaizer. Welch’s interim principalship ended with the hiring of Alexander Phillips.LPN/Ed Assistant Amanda Madigan resigned and was replaced by Carissa Carrier.SPED Teacher Susan Mann retired and was replaced by Justine Palermo.Reading Specialist Marianne Oshiro retired and was replaced by Kristen Romano.Reading Teacher Kristen Romano became a Reading Specialist at the Middle School. She was replaced by Amy Glavin.Math Strategies Teacher Bethany Lloyd resigned her position, which is still open.Woburn Street Elementary School Ed Assistant Erin Brugger resigned and was replaced by Kara Pereira.Principal Jeff Strasnick retired and was replaced by Suzanne Sullivan.Admin Assistant Justine Palermo transfered to the Middle School and was replaced by Karen O’Reilly.Admin Assistant Karen O’Reilly resigned her position, which is still open.Ed Assistant Conor Bailey resigned his position, which is still open.Shared Ed Assistant Taylor Perella resigned her position, which is still open.Ed Assistant Ryan MacIver resigned his position, which is still open.Assistant Frank Ferriero retired and was replaced by Shelia Burke.Boutwell Early Childhood CenterKindergarten Teacher Sharon Tildsley retired and was replaced by Arlene Poeck.District LevelSchool Psychologist Andrew Paschal resigned and was replaced by Jacqueline Dami.Physical Therapist Eileen Lee retired and was replaced by Kelly Ayers.Kenneth Lord became Director of Technology, which was previously unfilled.SPL Assistant Deryn Blaney resigned his position, which is still open.North Intermediate SchoolReading Specialist Nikki Sutton is taking a leave of absence and was replaced by Jennifer Rizzari.Ed Assistant Nicole McKenna resigned and was replaced by Joanne Vultaggio.Shawsheen Elementary SchoolSPED Teacher Ryan Cunningham resigned and was replaced by Mary Vardner.Ed Assistant for Pathways Eric Lozzi resigned his position, which is still open.Admin Assistant Karen O’Reilly was transferred and was replaced by Jennifer Sirois.Ed Assistant Joanne Vultaggio was transferred and replaced by Elizabeth Pellegrino.Ed Assistant Susan Pelletier was transferred and her position was not filled.Ed Assistant Mary Moran resigned and was replaced by Ashley Jones.Ed Assistant Meaghan Ashley resigned and was replaced by McKayla Hersom.Assistant Principal Erin Burke resigned and was replaced by Kevin Welch.Student Support ServicesAdmin Assistant Margaret Magee retired and was replaced by Lynn Neville & Kathy Fuller in a reshuffling. Neville and Fuller were replaced by Kristina Barbacano.Leanne Ebert became Coordinator of Special Education, a new position.West Intermediate SchoolGrade 4 Teacher Shelia Burke became Asst. Principal at the Woburn Street and was replaced by Renee Descheme.SPED Teacher Margaret Bolt resigned and her position remains open.School Psychologist Bethany Dionne and was replaced by Meghan St. Denis.Ed Assistant for Stepping Stones Avery Woodbury resigned and was replaced by Adrianna Kippenberger.Wilmington High SchoolStrides ABA Teacher Danielle France resigned and was replaced by Ashely Rokobauer.Athletics Director Tim Alberts resigned and was replaced by Ed Harrison.Physical Education & Health Teacher Lois Nardo retired and was replaced by Savannah Dupeyrat.Guidance Admin Assistant Vanessa French retired and was replaced by Sharon Eldered.Guidance Counselor Timothy McCarthy resigned and was replaced by Ashley LeBlanc.Math Teacher Caitlin Enright resigned and was replaced by Jessica Craft.Athletic Department Admin Assistant Cheryl Tavares resigned and was replaced by Heather Paonessa.Mollie Dickerson became the Guidance CTL. She had been serving in the position on an interim basis.Wildwood Early Childhood Center Ed Assistant Conor Bailey transfered from Wildwood to Woburn StreetEd Assistant Emily Weidlin resigned her position, which is still open.Kindergarten Teacher Marion Valeri retired and was replaced by Isabella Gallant. Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org. Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedSCHOOL COMMITTEE To Discuss New School Year, New Administrators & New Goals At August 28 MeetingIn “Education”NEW ROLES FOR 3 FAMILIAR EDUCATORS: Shelia Burke, Leanne Ebert & Kevin Welch Named To Leadership PositionsIn “Education”Superintendent Brand Announces His TEN Goals For The 2019-2020 School YearIn “Education”
“Amazon markets Echo Dot Kids as a device to educate and entertain kids, but the real purpose is to amass a treasure trove of sensitive data that it refuses to relinquish even when directed to by parents,” said Josh Golin, executive director of the Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood.In a statement, Amazon said the Echo Dot Kids Edition is compliant with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act.While Facebook has drawn much of the attention for the ways it’s gobbled up our personal data, Amazon has increasingly inserted itself into our lives. The company has sold more than 100 million Alexa devices, and it’s sitting on a massive amount of text data containing details on people’s habits and behaviors that isn’t deleted. Amazon’s smart speakers are also the most popular choice for buyers.Amazon Echo dominates the market with about 70% of the market share, while Google Home has about 24% and the Apple HomePod is next at 6%. Google and Apple said they don’t keep transcript data indefinitely.A Google spokesman said both the audio and text entry is removed when a person deletes that data. For Apple, which uses Siri as a voice assistant, the company said voice recordings are never associated with a person or an account, and are tied to a random identifier that you can delete. “When you turn Siri and Dictation off, Apple will delete the User Data associated with your Siri identifier, and the learning process will start all over again,” Apple said on its website. This retention doesn’t just apply to Amazon’s own smart speakers — any third-party device using Alexa as an assistant would be sending that data to Amazon, and people wouldn’t be able to delete it. That includes voice data sent to Facebook Portal, a smart speaker released by the social network in November. Facebook said it deletes the data and transcribed text for its smart assistant when it’s activated through the wake word “Hey Portal.” But when it comes to interactions with Alexa on the Portal, that’s a different story. “Facebook does not have access to interactions with Alexa on Portal,” a Facebook spokeswoman said in an email.Amazon transcribes your voice data to text through a process it calls Automatic Speech Recognition, which then sends it to another process called the Natural Language Understanding System. The NLU system uses artificial intelligence to figure out what people really mean — so if you’re asking “how is it outside,” the system can infer that you mean to ask about the weather. In a white paper on Alexa privacy and data handling published in July, Amazon said text data was stored “for machine learning purposes.” Amazon doesn’t delete that data until the machine learning training is completed. The company didn’t clarify how long that process is.Amazon also keeps text records when people set reminders — so even when the voice recording is deleted, Alexa is still able to send reminders to people based on the text record. Your order history through Alexa also remains, even if you delete the voice recording, the company said. Beyond the data transcribed from a person’s voice commands to Alexa, Amazon also noted that it stored text data on the smart assistant’s responses. In the same document, Amazon stated: “The response can be used by the Amazon team who built the specific skill to ensure that Alexa is providing relevant answers to queries and that the (Text-to-Speech) system is properly translating the text to speech.” While it’s not your voice or something you’ve said, it’s not hard to figure out what a person asked based on the answer. It doesn’t take much to figure out what the question is from a log of Alexa saying “the weather in New York is cloudy this morning.” Smart Speakers & Displays “When a customer deletes a voice recording, we also delete the corresponding text transcript associated with their account from our main Alexa systems and many subsystems, and have work underway to delete it from remaining subsystems,” an Amazon spokesperson said in an email. The new finding comes as privacy concerns have reached a boiling point, with people scrutinizing the tech they use more than ever. People want privacy from tech giants, and are finding that the options companies offer are not really doing the trick. In April, Facebook admitted it still tracked people after they deactivated their accounts. “Here’s what I tell all of our business executives and consumers: ‘Delete’ is never really ‘delete,'” said Theresa Payton, a former White House chief information officer and founder of cybersecurity company Fortalice. “Delete just means that you can’t see it anymore.” On Thursday, a group of 19 consumer and public health advocates filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission claiming that the Amazon Echo Dot Kids Edition was retaining children’s data even after parents deleted the voice recordings. The data stored on Alexa’s “Remember” feature wasn’t deleted until the parents called customer service to delete the entire profile. 2:27 Now playing: Watch this: You deleted your Alexa voice recordings, but the text… Comments While you can delete voice recordings for Amazon, the text records stay. Chris Monroe/CNET Amazon doesn’t need to hear your voice recordings to know what you’ve said. It can read them.After Alexa hears its wake word — which can vary from “Echo” to “Alexa” to “computer” — the smart assistant starts listening and transcribes everything it hears. That’s why when you check your Alexa dialogue history, you can see text next to the recordings like “How’s the Weather” and “Set an Alarm.” Amazon lets you delete those voice recordings, giving you a false sense of privacy. But the company still has that data, just not as a sound bite. It keeps the text logs of the transcribed audio on its cloud servers, with no option for you to delete them. Amazon said it erases the text transcripts from Alexa’s “main system,” but is working on removing them from other areas where the data can travel. Share your voice 10 Tags
Tanvir Hasan SumonActor and director Tanvir Hasan Sumon has reportedly committed suicide in the city’s Uttara area, reports UNB.Police recovered the body from his sister’s house at Road-4 of Uttara Sector-4 on Friday noon.Ishtiaque Ahmed, husband of Tanvir’s sister, said the stage, TV and film actor went to visit their house along with family members from their Mirpur-10 residence.They went to sleep around 12:30am on Friday after having their dinner keeping the door of the room unlocked, he said.The domestic help found Tanvir hanging from a ceiling fan when she went to clean the room on Friday morning, Ishtiaque said, claiming that he had long been suffering from depression.Sub-inspector of Uttara east police station Abdur Rahim said they sent the body to Dhaka Medical College Hospital for autopsy. “The reason behind the death could be known after getting the autopsy report,” he said.Tanvir was a member of Dhaka Little Theatre and Natyakendra.Alongside acting in dramas, he used to do the act of direction.
Florian MartinStudents from the University of North Carolina celebrate after the Tar Heels beat Syracuse in the Final Four Saturday.Both teams are going into Monday’s game coming off decisive wins.Students from both schools had prime seats on each end of the court Saturday and made sure their players heard them.After witnessing her team beat Oklahoma by 44 points, Nina Hebel, a sophomore at Villanova University, has a good feeling about tonight’s game.“I think they just have to come out with the same energy and passion that they had today,” she said. “And I know all the students will be here again just to yell as loud as we did today, and we’re all super excited to see what they can do.”Christian Nguyen said he drove here 20 hours from North Carolina and it was worth it after seeing his Tar Heels beat Syracuse 83-66.He acknowledges Villanova played a good game and will be a formidable opponent.“They did play good, but if we keep our heads straight, keep playing how we have been, we’ll be solid and hopefully come home with another championship,” he said.75,505 people attended Saturday’s games.It was the highest attendance for an NCAA tournament game at NRG Stadium, and the second-highest in tournament history.The National Championship Game tips off at 8:19 p.m. Monday.It will be the first time North Carolina and Villanova face off for the title.Florian MartinVillanova students celebrate during their team’s Final Four game against Oklahoma Saturday. X To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: 00:00 /01:13 Listen Share
Protestors disrupt a Baltimore City Council meeting on May 4, 2015, holding a banner and chanting. (Screenshot from CharmTV YouTube video)On May 4th about a dozen protesters stood up during a regularly scheduled City Council meeting and unfurled banners demanding people arrested during the protests last week be freed from jail. About 20 minutes into the meeting the group began chanting, “Drop the charges, drop the bail, protesters shouldn’t go to jail,” while holding a white banner that read, “Free All Protesters Drop The Charges” On the second floor viewing gallery the group hung a banner reading, “Locked In, Locked Down, Locked Out.” The entire episode can be viewed on the City Council’s YouTube channel CharmTV.As the protesters continued to chant a visibly annoyed City Council President Bernard C. “Jack” Young, who was leading the meeting, banged his gavel several times and said, “I’m going to ask you to respect the council and move out of the chambers, please.” As the chants continued he repeated, “This is not the way to do it.”Hundreds of people were arrested during the riots and protests following the death of 25-year-old Freddie Gray on April 19th while in police custody. Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan extended the amount of time a person could be held in custody before seeing a judge. Bails have been set as high as $500,000, an astonishing amount given that the police officers charged in Gray’s death had bails ranging from $250,000 to $350,000.After a recess the protesters were removed by police but not arrested. They refused to give their names to reporters who were at the meeting. Young then took a few moments to address the audience. “I apologize to those who came here for a peaceful council meeting. I understand the frustration of the people but this is not the way to do it. I think that State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby has done her job and justice has to take its course. For people to come in here and be disruptive to what we’re trying to do here–and that’s to take care of the business of the city of Baltimore—is really troubling to me. You can protest. But do it in the right way. This was not really the right forum to do it in. We’re not the justice system. We’re the legislative body of the City Council of Baltimore,” he said.
© 2010 PhysOrg.com Citation: 3D bio-printers to print skin and body parts (2011, February 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-02-3d-bio-printers-skin-body.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. 3D printers print by depositing material line by line and then vertically layer by layer. They have been used to make sculptures and repair sculptures, to make three-dimensional objects out of plastics and polymers, and even to print food.Professor James Yoo, from the Institute of Regenerative Medicine at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina told the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) his group is developing a system that will allow them to print skin directly onto burn wounds.Yoo’s team were motivated to develop a portable bioprinting system by the injuries arising on battlefields in Iraq and Afghanistan, where around 30 percent of injuries involve the skin. Their research is funded by the US Department of Defense.The bioprinter has a built-in laser scanner that scans the wound and determines its depth and area. The scan is converted into three-dimensional digital images that enable the device to calculate how many layers of skin cells need to be printed on the wound to restore it to its original configuration. The system has successfully printed skin patches 10 cm square on a pig.Also at the AAAS meeting was the director of Cornell University’s Computational Synthesis Laboratory, Professor Hod Lipson, who demonstrated a bioprinter by printing an ear, working from a scan of a human ear and a computer file containing the three-dimensional coordinates. The ear was printed using silicone gel instead of real human ear cells.The Cornell team has already published results on their experiments to bioprint repairs to damaged animal bones, but Professor Lipson said there were a number of technical challenges still to overcome. He said the first use is likely to be repairs to cartilage, since it has a fairly simple internal structure with little vascularization. Bioprinting cartilage has been tried “fairly successfully” in animal models, and the team have successfully printed cartilage cells directly into the meniscus of an injured knee to reconstruct it.One of the major challenges to be faced in bioprinting is the connection between the bioprinted material and the rest of the body, especially with larger tissues, since any organ or body part that is printed will need to be connected to the body’s blood vessels, and this can be very difficult. Regardless of the challenges, Professor Lipson believes bioprinting will become a standard technique within a couple of decades. Ink-jet printers inspire scientists to make skin (PhysOrg.com) — The range of uses for three-dimensional printers is increasing all the time, but now scientists are developing 3D “bioprinters” that will be able to print out skin, cartilage, bone, and other body parts. Cornell University researchers have engineered an ear made of silicone using a 3D bio-printer. Explore further
In Iraq’s western province of Anbar, hundreds of soldiers, police officers, Shia and Sunni militias launched an operation in the militant-seized town of al-Baghdadi, some 200 km northwest of the Iraqi capital Baghdad.They retook control of part of the town, including its main police headquarters, after heavy clashes with the IS militants, Xinhua cited a provincial security source as saying. The clashes left more than 20 militants killed, the source said without giving details about the casualties of the security members. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenThe security forces repelled an IS attack on a neighbourhood adjacent to al-Baghdadi, which was the scene of fierce clashes two days ago, leaving at least four IS fighters killed, including two suicide bombers, the source added.On Saturday, the security forces broke the siege of the neighbourhood which is housing some 1,000 families of security personnel and government-backed Sahwa paramilitary group members. They have been trapped for about 10 days and the families have suffered from acute shortage in food and drinking water. Separately, US and partner-nation warplanes conducted air strikes on IS positions near a bridge outside the militant-seized city of Fallujah, some 50 km west of Baghdad, killing at least five militants and wounding seven others. Also Read – Pak Army ‘fully prepared’ to face any challenge: Army spokesmanElsewhere, warplanes of the US-led coalition on late Sunday night hit an IS convoy outside a village near the town of Daqouq, some 40 km south of Iraq’s northern city of Kirkuk, destroying two vehicles and killing some 18 militants aboard, a security source said.In Iraq’s northern central province of Salahudin, heavy clashes erupted near the town of Is’haqi, some 90 km north of Baghdad, between the security forces and dozens of IS militants who attacked a military base, leaving at least five extremist militants killed.The security situation in Iraq has drastically deteriorated since June 10 last year, when bloody clashes broke out between Iraqi security forces and the IS, an Al Qaeda offshoot.
Shamshi, Pakuahat, Kaliachowk (Malda North/South): Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee said there will be no democracy in India if the fascist BJP government under Narendra Modi gets voted back to power.”BJP will not come back but if they are voted back to power then the fascist government under Modi will bid goodbye to democracy in India,” she said. Banerjee addressed three rallies at Shamshi, Pakuahat and Kaliachowk in North and South Malda, where elections will be held on April 23. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataMalda and Murshidabad are two districts where Trinamool Congress did not have any MP until recently. Both the MPs in Malda were from Congress, until Mausam Benazir Noor joined Trinamool Congress. AHA Khan Chowdhury had won the Malda South seat by 1.64 lakh votes, while Mausam had won the Malda North seat by over 65,000 votes. Both the ministers in Mamata Banerjee’s cabinet, Krishnendu Narayan Chowdhury and Sabitri Mitra, had lost in the 2016 Assembly election. But the Trinamool supremo is expecting a change in the Congress stronghold this time. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateRecalling her long association with Congress, Banerjee said: “As a Congress worker I felt that it was not possible to oust CPI(M) from Bengal as Congress made compromises with the party. Trinamool Congress was set up in 1998 and because of Trinamool, CPI(M) was ousted from Bengal. Trinamool does not make any compromise with any party,” she said, adding: “I asked Mausam to join Trinamool because she is a genuine worker. She will work for the people.” Criticising Congress, Banerjee said the party “Does not work and always refers to the work which had been carried out by ABA Ghani Khan Chowdhury many decades ago,” she pointed out. Coming down heavily on BJP, she said: “BJP is a fascist government that survives on lies. Their leaders come from Delhi and speak lies to create confusion among the people. The statistics they put forward are concocted and full of lies.” Banerjee said in the past five years, the condition of common people has turned from bad to worse under the BJP government. “From banning of high value notes to hasty implementation of GST, the economic condition of India has been badly hit. Thousands of people have lost their jobs and the farmers are committing suicide. Bengal is the only state where the premium of crop insurance is paid by the state government. We take care of the farmers and working class,” she said. Banerjee maintained that the attitude of the parents towards their daughters has changed because of the Kanyashree scheme. Under the scheme, girls can carry on with higher education with the help of state government scholarship. “Kanyashree has not only bagged a prestigious award from the United Nations, but has also changed the attitude of parents towards their daughters. Daughters are no longer their burdens,” she said. She said after Bangladesh stopped import of mangoes from Malda, Bengal government opened business with Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries, where mangoes are being exported now. There will be an export centre in malda soon along with a new airport, she maintained. She urged the voters to cast their votes in favour of Mausam in North Malda and Moazzem Hossain in Malda South. “Do not waste your vote by casting it in favour of Congress or CPI(M). If you vote in favour of Congress or CPI(M), you will actually strengthen the hand of BJP. Vote for Mausam and Hossain saab, who will work for the development of Malda,” the Trinamool supremo said.
In the age of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, young children are spending more time watching television than ever before, according to a study. Researchers from Florida International University in the US compared pre-mobile device usage in 1997 to when mobile devices were widely available in 2014. The study, published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, found that television consumption still significantly outpaced mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”There is growing concern over the amount of time that children, particularly very young children, spend watching shows and in front of screens,” said Weiwei Chen, an assistant professor at Florida International University. “Our findings were surprising as it feels like mobile devices are omnipresent, but televisions are still the most common way for young children to consume media,” Chen said. The recently conducted study found that the average amount of screen time in 1997 for children up to the age of two was 1.3 hours while children between the ages of three and five spent about 2.5 hours a day on screens. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveBy 2014, children up to the age of two were using screens an average of three hours per day – more than double the amount of time. This study is unique as it uses written diary data provided by parents instead of general surveys that are often administered at a later date, which may cause a greater parental recall bias. “The increase in the amount of screen time for infants and toddlers is telling. Our study reinforces general findings that a variety of characteristics, such as education and income levels, relate to screen use,” said Jessica L Adler, an assistant professor at Florida International University. “Further research is needed, once data become available, to assess changes in media consumption and device use in more recent years,” Adler said. While there is much concern about the overuse of mobile devices to occupy and entertain children, it is important that more attention be paid to the amount of television they are consuming, according to the researchers.