Smart Vapor Retarders for Walls and Roofs

first_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. Start Free Trial Already a member? Log incenter_img During the winter, when indoor air is usually warm and humid, most wall sheathing is cold. Under these conditions, we really don’t want water vapor to move from the interior of our homes toward the exterior. That’s why builders in the 1980s installed polyethylene on the interior side of walls.During the summer, on the other hand, outdoor air can be warm and humid, while our drywall is often cooled by the air conditioning system. Under these conditions, we want to limit the movement of water vapor from the exterior toward the interior. We also want to allow any moisture in our walls to be able to move toward the interior of our homes, unimpeded by a vapor barrier, so that a damp wall assembly can dry out. That’s why an interior-side vapor barrier works against us during the summer.There are two possible solutions to this dilemma. The first solution is to install an adequate thickness of rigid foam on the exterior side of the wall sheathing. This foam layer prevents inward vapor drive during the summer, while also keeping the wall sheathing warm enough during to winter to avoid condensation or moisture accumulation.In some types of wall and roof assemblies, it may be appropriate to consider a second solution: installing a “smart” vapor retarder — that is, a membrane with variable vapor permeance — on the interior side of the wall assembly. The membrane’s vapor permeance rises and falls When conditions are dry, a smart vapor retarder is relatively vapor-tight (in other words, it has a relatively low vapor permeance). When the air or the building materials adjacent to a smart vapor retarder get more humid, however, the membrane becomes more vapor-open — in other words, its… last_img read more

World’s Tightest House Is On the Market

first_imgThe house in Dillingham, Alaska, that was crowned the tightest residential building in the world is for sale.Tom Marsik and his wife Kristin Donaldson, who completed the two-bedroom house in 2012, are moving so Marsik can take a new job as director of research at the Cold Climate Housing Research Center in Fairbanks, 500 miles to the north. They’re offering the house for $299,000.The new owners won’t have to worry about the cost of heating the house, even if it’s located in a climate with about 11,000 heating degree days a year. With a roof insulated to R-140 and 28-inch-thick walls, the all-electric house was designed to be heated mostly with internal gains — appliances, body heat, and lighting — plus a little passive solar heat. But its real claim to fame is a blower-door test that measured its air leakage at an astonishing 0.05 air changes per hour at a pressure difference of 50 pascals. By way of comparison, the Passivhaus standard allows 0.6 ach50.Marsik is an associate professor of sustainable energy at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks’ Bristol Bay Campus who wanted to prove that a combination of a very small footprint and “super-efficient construction technology” could result in extremely low energy use. Still looking for the right buyerThe house has been on the market, off and on, since Labor Day of last year. Although the couple has hosted an open house and quite a number of individual visits from potential buyers, they have yet to get a single offer. They’d prefer selling the house to someone who is as interested in sustainable design as they are.“We want the house to continue being an example of sustainable housing, and so in light of that we are willing to go significantly down on the price,” Marsik said. “But nobody has given us an offer yet.”When they do sell the house and move to Fairbanks, the couple will have to decide whether to build again. “We are going to explore options,” he said. “Building a new home is certainly one of the options on the table, but I don’t want to make a decision yet because we want to get familiar with the local situation first.”Should they build, Marsik says the design would vary little from what they already have. Fairbanks is colder than Dillingham — about 14,000 heating degree days a year — and the basic components of the current house would probably work well there. Whatever adjustments they make in design would most likely be to take advantage of technology that has become available since they originally built six years ago.For example, they have a vented clothes dryer now because unvented heat pump clothes dryers were not available at the time. Now they are.Other than that, Marsik sees little to change. RELATED ARTICLES Meet the Tightest House in the WorldAirtight Wall and Roof SheathingBlower Door BasicsGetting the Biggest Bang for Your Air-Sealing BuckHow Much Air Leakage in Your Home Is Too Much?center_img He’s done that in spades. Although there’s nothing exotic about the building materials the couple used — wood framing, cellulose insulation, Energy Star appliances — the extremely tight building envelope and copious amounts of insulation mean that the house can be heated with about $15 worth of electricity per month.The house, overlooking Scandinavian Creek and an expanse of tundra, has two bedrooms and one bathroom on a 24-foot by 24-foot footprint. It’s built something like a house with double-stud walls except that the distance between the inner and outer walls is much greater, allowing for R-90 worth of cellulose insulation. The depth of the insulation in the roof assembly is about 3 feet.The house has three fiberglass-framed windows with triple glazing, an exterior door that’s mostly glass, and a heat-recovery ventilator.Living in a cozy boxIn an article for Alaska Building Science News, Marsik wrote that from January 1, 2012 through the end of April that year, the house used 1,620 kWh of electricity, or only about 400 kWh a month for heat, lights, hot water, and appliances. Modeling had predicted the house would use 1,520 kWh over the same four-month period. Marsik said the small discrepancy could be explained by an unusually cold winter that year.“It is interesting to point out that our house uses less electricity than an average house in Dillingham,” Marsik’s article said. “This, coupled with the fact that our house uses no heating fuel, results in a significantly lower energy bill.” Marsik calculated savings at $4,000 a year when compared to an average house in town, but it could be even more as energy costs go up in the future.At the time, heat came from a simple electric-resistance heater. That’s since been replaced with a Fujitsu RLS 3H series minisplit with an output of 12,000 Btu per hour.Marsik wrote that his approach to building had pros and cons. Benefits include low energy use, a healthy indoor environment, and the safety of burning no fossil fuels or wood. On the downside, the cost of insulation itself was about $20,000.“A thorough economic analysis hasn’t been done yet,” he wrote, “but the payback period on the extra costs isn’t going to be super short. However, a well built-home is likely going to last for a very long time, and given all extra benefits to society through a reduced consumption of fossil fuels, I think the extra initial investment is well worth it.” (Many details about the house, including photos taken during construction, are available at this page at Alaska Energy Wiki.)Reached by phone, Marsik said this week that he and his wife, who now have a 4-year-old daughter, are sorry to give up the house.“It’s amazing,” he said. “We love it. My wife asked whether he can just get a helicopter and move it.”The owners with their world record certificate for air tightness: 0.05 air changes per hour.Although the house has only three windows, Marsik said they were custom-built and have glass with high visible transmittance of light. That plus the use of brightly painted walls and ceilings give the house excellent day-lighting.The house has a total of about 1,150 square feet when you include the second-story loft bedroom (the total is what an appraiser would call the “gross living area”), Marsik said, and that’s been plenty for the three of them and their dog. “It’s more than we need,” he said.Marsik is a proponent of space efficiency and does not think that people living in much bigger houses are any happier than people living in small ones. In fact, he said, a United Nations happiness report found that in many European countries where apartments and houses are much smaller than in the U.S. people are, on the whole, happier. Smaller houses mean less maintenance and less cleaning, leaving time for intrinsically more rewarding activities. Note: The caption of the first photograph has been edited to clarify the size of the house.last_img read more

Urban Heat: Can White Roofs Help Cool World’s Warming Cities?

first_imgThis post originally appeared at Yale Environment 360. Summers in the city can be extremely hot — several degrees hotter than in the surrounding countryside. But recent research indicates that it may not have to be that way. The systematic replacement of dark surfaces with white could lower heat wave maximum temperatures by 2° Celsius or more. And with climate change and continued urbanization set to intensify “urban heat islands,” the case for such aggressive local geoengineering to maintain our cool grows.The meteorological phenomenon of the urban heat island has been well known since giant cities began to emerge in the 19th century. The materials that comprise most city buildings and roads reflect much less solar radiation — and absorb more — than the vegetation they have replaced. They radiate some of that energy in the form of heat into the surrounding air.The darker the surface, the more the heating. Fresh asphalt reflects only 4% of sunlight compared to as much as 25% for natural grassland and up to 90% for a white surface such as fresh snow.Most of the roughly 2% of the earth’s land surface covered in urban development suffers from some level of urban heating. New York City averages 1-3° C warmer than the surrounding countryside, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — and as much as 12° warmer during some evenings. The effect is so pervasive that some climate skeptics have seriously claimed that global warming is merely an illusion created by thousands of once-rural meteorological stations becoming surrounded by urban development. Climate change researchers adjust for such measurement bias, so that claim does not stand up. Nonetheless, the effect is real and pervasive. So, argues a recent study published in the journal Nature Geoscience, if dark heat-absorbing surfaces are warming our cities, why not negate the effect by installing white roofs and other light-colored surfaces to reflect back the sun’s rays? Cool Roofs Cut Urban Water ConsumptionJunk Science and the Heat-Island EffectDo Green Roofs Temper Urban Heat?Los Angeles Lightens Streets in Bid to Stay CoolDenver’s Green Roof Ordinance Kicks In Rural areas also could benefitBut it may not just be urban areas that could benefit from a whitewashing. Seneviratne and her team proposed that farmers could cool rural areas, too, by altering farming methods. Different methods might work in different regions with different farming systems. And while the percentage changes in reflectivity that are possible might be less than in urban settings, if applied over large areas, she argues that they could have significant effects.Los Angeles has coated several streets in a light gray paint to reduce road-top temperatures by as much as 10 Fahrenheit. (Los Angeles Bureau of Street Services)In Europe, grain fields are almost always plowed soon after harvesting, leaving a dark surface of soil to absorb the sun’s rays throughout the winter. But if the land remained unplowed, the lightly colored stubble left on the fields after harvesting would reflect about 30% percent of sunlight, compared to only 20% from a cleared field. It sounds like a relatively trivial difference, but over large areas of cropland this could reduce temperatures in some rural areas on sunny days by as much as 2° C, Seneviratne’s colleague Edouard Davin has calculated.In North America, early plowing is much less common. But Peter Irvine, a climate and geoengineering researcher at Harvard University, has suggested that crops themselves could be chosen for their ability to reflect sunlight. For instance, in Europe, a grain like barley, which reflects 23% of sunlight, could be replaced by sugar beet, an economically comparable crop, which reflects 26%. Sometimes, farmers could simply choose more reflective varieties of their preferred crops.Again, the difference sounds marginal. But since croplands cover more than 10% of the earth’s land surface, roughly five times more than urban areas, the potential may be considerable. RELATED ARTICLES Cooler temperatures could save livesDuring summer heat waves, when the sun beats down from unclouded skies, the creation of lighter land surfaces “could help to lower extreme temperatures… by up to 2° or 3° Celsius” in much of Europe, North America, and Asia, says Sonia Seneviratne, who studies land-climate dynamics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, and is co-author of the new study. It could save lives, she argues, and the hotter it becomes, the stronger the effect.Seneviratne is not alone in making the case for boosting reflectivity. There are many small-scale initiatives in cities to make roof surfaces more reflective. New York, for instance, introduced rules on white roofs into its building codes as long ago as 2012. Volunteers have taken white paint to nearly 7 million square feet of tar roofs in the city, though that is still only about 1% of the potential roof area.Chicago is trying something similar, and last year Los Angeles began a program to paint asphalt road surfaces with light gray paint. Outside the United States, cool-roof initiatives in cities such as Melbourne, Australia, are largely limited to encouraging owners to cool individual buildings for the benefit of their occupants, rather than trying to cool cities or neighborhoods.The evidence of such small-scale programs remains anecdotal. But now studies around the world are accumulating evidence that the benefits of turning those 1 percents into 100 percents could be transformative and could save many lives every year.Keith Oleson of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado looked at what might happen if every roof in large cities around the world were painted white, raising their reflectivity — known to climate scientists as albedo — from a typical 32% today to 90%. He found that it would decrease the urban heat island effect by a third — enough to reduce the maximum daytime temperatures by an average of 0.6° C, and more in hot sunny regions such as the Arabian Peninsula and Brazil.Other studies suggest even greater benefits in the U.S. In a 2014 paper, Matei Georgescu of Arizona State University found that “cool roofs” could cut temperatures by up to 1.5° C in California and 1.8° in cities such as Washington, D.C. Urban heat can be a killerThe urban heat island can be a killer. Counter-intuitively, the biggest effects are often at night. Vulnerable people such as the old who are stressed by heat during the day badly need the chance to cool down at night. Without that chance, they can succumb to heat stroke and dehydration.New research underlines that temperature peaks can cause a spike in heart attacks. This appears to be what happened during the great European heat wave of 2003, during which some 70,000 people died, mostly in homes without air conditioning. Doctors said the killer was not so much the 40° C daytime temperatures (104° F), but the fact that nights stayed at or above 30° (86° F).Such urban nightmares are likely to happen ever more frequently in the future, both because of the expansion of urban areas and because of climate change.Predicted urban expansion in the U.S. this century “can be expected to raise near-surface temperatures 1-2° C… over large regional swathes of the country,” according to Georgescu’s 2014 paper. Similar threats face other fast-urbanizing parts of the world, including China, India, and Africa, which is expected to increase its urban land area six-fold from 1970 to 2030, “potentially exposing highly vulnerable populations to land use-driven climate change.”Several studies suggest that climate change could itself crank up the urban heat island effect. Richard Betts at Britain’s Met Office Hadley Centre forecasts that it will increase the difference between urban and rural temperatures by up to 30% in some places, notably in the Middle East and South Asia, where deaths during heat waves are already widespread.A combination of rising temperatures and high humidity is already predicted to make parts of the Persian Gulf region the first in the world to become uninhabitable due to climate change. And a study published in February predicted temperatures as much as 10° C hotter in most European cities by century’s end.No wonder the calls to cool cities are growing. Unintended consequencesOn the face of it, such initiatives make good sense as countries struggle to cope with the impacts of climate change. But there are concerns that if large parts of the world adopted such policies to relieve local heat waves, there could be noticeable and perhaps disagreeable impacts on temperature and rainfall in adjacent regions. Sometimes the engineers would only be returning reflectivity to the conditions before urbanization, but even so, it could end up looking like back-door geoengineering.Proponents of local projects such as suppressing urban heat islands say they are only trying to reverse past impacts of inadvertent geoengineering through urbanization and the spread of croplands. Moreover, they argue that local engineering will have only local effects. “If all French farmers were to stop plowing up their fields in summer, the impact on temperatures in Germany would be negligible,” Seneviratne says.“Local radiative management differs from global geoengineering in that it does not aim at effecting global temperatures [and] global effects would be negligible,” she says. “It is “a measure of adaptation.”But things might not always be quite so simple. Reducing local temperatures would, for instance, limit evaporation, and so potentially could reduce rainfall downwind. A modeling study by Irvine found that messing with the reflectivity of larger areas such as deserts could cause a “large reduction in the intensity of the Indian and African monsoons in particular.” But the same study concluded that changing albedo in cities or on farmland would be unlikely to have significant wider effects.What is clear is that tackling urban heat islands by increasing reflectivity would not be enough to ward off climate change. Oleson found that even if every city building roof and stretch of urban pavement in the world were painted white, it would only delay global warming by 11 years. But its potential value in ameliorating the most severe consequences of excess heat in cities could be life-saving. The green and PV optionsAnother option is not to whitewash roofs, but to green them with foliage. This is already being adopted in many cities. In 2016, San Francisco became the first American city to make green roofs compulsory on some new buildings. New York last year announced a $100-million program for cooling neighborhoods with trees. So which is better, a white roof or a “green” roof?Evidence here is fragmentary. But Georgescu found a bigger direct cooling effect from white roofs. Vincenzo Costanzo, now of the University of Reading in England, has reached a similar conclusion for Italian cities. But green roofs may have other benefits. A study in Adelaide, Australia, found that besides delivering cooling in summer, they also act as an insulating layer to keep buildings warmer in winter.There is a third option competing for roof space to take the heat out of cities — covering them in photovoltaic cells. PV cells are dark, and so do not reflect much solar radiation into space. But that is because their business is to capture that energy and convert it into low-carbon electricity.Solar panels “cool daytime temperatures in a way similar to increasing albedo via white roofs,” according to a study by scientists at the University of New South Wales. The research, published in the journal Scientific Reports last year, found that in a city like Sydney, Australia, a city-wide array of solar panels could reduce summer maximum temperatures by up to 1° C.That is the theory, but there are concerns about whether it will always work in practice. Studies into the impact on local temperatures of large solar farms in deserts have produced some contradictory findings. For while they prevent solar rays from reaching the desert surface, they also act as an insulating blanket at night, preventing the desert sands from losing heat. The net warming effect has been dubbed a “solar heat island.”The lesson then is that light, reflective surfaces can have a dramatic impact in cooling the surrounding air — in cities, but in the countryside too. Whitewashed walls, arrays of photovoltaic cells, and stubble-filled fields can all provide local relief during the sweltering decades ahead. But policymakers beware. It doesn’t always work like that. There can be unintended consequences, both on temperature and other aspects of climate, like rainfall. Even local geoengineering needs to be handled with care. Fred Pearce is a freelance author and journalist based in the U.K. He is a contributing writer for Yale Environment 360.last_img read more

Case against Cuttack doctors in assault case

first_imgThe city police have registered a case in connection with Monday’s assault on three attendants of a patient, including a woman, by at least eight junior doctors of the SCB Medical College and Hospital. “We have registered two cases at the local Mangalabag police station, one by the attendants of the patient and the other by the doctors,” DCP Sanjeeb Arora said on Tuesday. Investigations, he said, had started.8 named in FIRWhile the attendants have named all the eight accused doctors in the FIR, the doctors have not mentioned anyone in particular. They have merely stated that they were assaulted by at least three attendants of patient Kuber Ray of Puri district.Abused and beaten upA group of doctors in the hospital’s orthopaedic department allegedly confined at least three attendants of Kuber, including his wife Kumudini, in a room and abused and beat them up. The patient later left the hospital apparently fearing danger to his life.last_img read more


first_imgSC reserves verdict on petitions regarding discretionarySC reserves verdict on petitions regarding discretionary powers of Governors to summon or advance the sitting of the Assembly. PTI SJK MNL RKS UK ARClast_img


first_imgGermanys squad has already been trimmed from 27 to 25 Germanys squad has already been trimmed from 27 to 25 with Schweinsteiger injured and Wolfsburgs Max Kruse having been thrown out of the squad on Monday for two off-field discretions. “I thought he needed to be taught a lesson,” Loew said about Kruse, who lost 75,000 euros ($83,970) in a taxi and got into an argument with a reporter in separate incidents. “It is only for the two games, so it doesnt mean he has no chance for the European championships. Perhaps hell learn from this and well keep an eye on what he gets up to away from football, just like the rest of the squad. But, I couldnt accept things the way they were.” In the wake of the Brussels terror attacks on Tuesday, security will be paramount for the internationals in Berlin and Munich. Germanys final friendlies of 2015 coincided with the November Paris terror attacks. Their defeat to France at the Stade de France was overshadowed by the terrible scenes across the French capital on November 13, four days before Germanys home friendly against the Netherlands was called off by police. “The events (in Brussels) are certainly terrible and have hit a bit of a nerve with us,” said Loew. “When you hear and read about what happened, the images from France (Novembers Paris attacks) come to mind. But, were trying not to let these things get to us. Were focused on the sporting matter at hand and trust in the security arrangements.” Loew says, the Germans are relishing testing themselves against two top European teams. “We deliberately chose two strong opponents. Matches against England and Italy are never normal games,” he said. “We chose a large squad on purpose, so that each player has the chance to make his mark with his performance. Then well have a bit of clarity, its the last time well come together before the squad (for the Euro 2016 finals) is named.” AFP RC AHadvertisementlast_img read more

Giroud overtakes Zidane on scoring chart

first_imgOlivier Giroud has edged ahead of Zinedine Zidane on France’s all-time top goalscorer list, with the Chelsea striker having taken his international tally to 32 goals.The 31-year-old had to wait until 2011 before being handed a debut by Les Bleus, having failed to represent them at any youth level.It was his exploits for Montpellier at that time which brought him into contention, with the target having been found on a regular basis for club and country ever since. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Man Utd ready to spend big on Sancho and Haaland in January Who is Marcus Thuram? Lilian’s son who is top of the Bundesliga with Borussia Monchengladbach Brazil, beware! Messi and Argentina out for revenge after Copa controversy Best player in MLS? Zlatan wasn’t even the best player in LA! Domestic football has taken him to England at Arsenal and now Chelsea, with over 100 efforts recorded for the Gunners.He has remained a regular for France since making the breakthrough, with his cap haul now standing at 82.Those outings have made him a World Cup winner, with a global crown secured in Russia over the summer despite failing to find the target .Giroud was to get back in groove during a meeting with the Netherlands on Sunday, with a stunning strike proving notable as it carried him above the legendary Zidane on France’s goal chart.He now sits fourth on that roll of honour by himself, with only two more strikes required to catch David Trezeguet.32 – Olivier Giroud has scored his 32th goal for France, overtaking Zinedine Zidane (31) and becoming the only 4th best goalscorer in France national team’s history. Deliverance. #FRANED pic.twitter.com/QQzyBj5HtB — OptaJean ⭐⭐ (@OptaJean) September 9, 2018 Michel Platini is second on the goal chart with 41 efforts to his name, while Arsenal icon Thierry Henry occupies top spot on 51.Giroud will hope to continue closing the gap on those French heroes, with his latest effort seeing him end a 10-game barren run in style .In the 74th minute of a UEFA Nations League clash with the Dutch, Benjamin Mendy swung over a cross from the left.Giroud was tightly marked around the penalty spot, but swing his left boot at the ball to send a stinging volley crashing into the back of the net.That effort proved to the match winner , with Ryan Babel having earlier cancelled out an opener from Kylian Mbappe.last_img read more

Rice KO Video: Swearing, Spitting

first_imgATLANTIC CITY, N.J. — Ray Rice and Janay Palmer can be heard shouting obscenities at each other, and she appears to spit in the face of the three-time Pro Bowl running back right before he throws a knockout punch in a video shown to The Associated Press by a law enforcement official.The video, shown to the AP, includes audio and is longer than the grainy TMZ Sports video released earlier that day.After the TMZ video made its way around the Internet, the Baltimore Ravens cut Rice and the league suspended him indefinitely. Rice was originally suspended for two games and coaches and others had praised his behavior since the arrest for striking his then-fiancee in February.The videos show Rice and Palmer in an elevator at an Atlantic City casino. Each hits the other before Rice knocks Palmer off her feet and into a railing. Months ago, a TMZ video showed Rice dragging Palmer, now his wife, from the elevator at the Revel casino, which closed on Sept. 2.The higher-quality video shown to the AP shows Rice made no attempt to cover up the incident. After Palmer collapses, he drags her out of the elevator and is met by some hotel staff. One of them can be heard saying, “She’s drunk, right?” And then, “No cops.” But Rice didn’t respond.The video was shown to the AP on condition of anonymity because the official isn’t authorized to release it.Coach John Harbaugh said he met with Ravens owner Steve Bisciotti, team President Dick Cass and General Manager Ozzie Newsome after they saw the TMZ video, and they made the decision to let Rice go.“It’s something we saw for the first time today, all of us,” Harbaugh said. “It changed things, of course. It made things a little bit different.”The action represented a complete reversal for the team, even though an Atlantic City police summons stated that Rice caused “bodily injury to Janay Palmer, specifically by striking her with his hand, rendering her unconscious.”The Ravens had used words like “respect” and “proud” in referring to Rice following his arrest.When the NFL announced Rice’s two-game suspension for domestic violence on July 24, Newsome said: “We respect the efforts Ray has made to become the best partner and father he can be. That night was not typical of the Ray Rice we know and respect. We believe that he will not let that one night define who he is, and he is determined to make sure something like this never happens again.Asked if Rice misled him, Harbaugh said he didn’t want to get into “all that.”“I don’t think of it that way. Everything I said in terms of what I believe, I stand by,” he said. “I believe that still, and I’ll always believe those things, and (we’ll) always stand in support of them as a couple, and that’s not going to change.”Rice said in a news conference this summer that his actions that night were “inexcusable.” But the Ravens never took action against him until after the second video was released.The NFL, which has been working hard to promote the game to women, also took action after the explicit video was released. Commissioner Roger Goodell announced that, based on the new video evidence, Rice has been suspended indefinitely.“We requested from law enforcement any and all information about the incident, including the video from inside the elevator,” NFL spokesman Greg Aiello said. “That video was not made available to us and no one in our office has seen it until today.”Rice’s lawyer, Michael Diamondstein, declined to comment when contacted by The Associated Press. Rice, 27, stood to make $4 million this year.“Obviously, any video that depicts an act of violence in that video is disturbing to watch. For our union, we have an unshakable position against any violence, certainly domestic violence included,” NFLPA Executive Director DeMaurice Smith said at the Seahawks’ facility in Renton, Washington. “It will be a time for us now to catch up with everything else that has occurred today.”He had been charged with felony aggravated assault in the case, but in May he was accepted into a pre-trial intervention program that allowed him to avoid jail time and could lead to the charge being purged from his record.After Goodell drew criticism not being tough enough on Rice, he wrote a letter to all 32 NFL owners in August saying he “didn’t get it right.” First-time offenders now face a six-game suspension.Rice began his suspension Sept. 7, when the Ravens opened their season with a 23-16 loss to the Cincinnati Bengals. He was scheduled to return after the Sept. 11th game against Pittsburgh.He leaves the Ravens as the second-leading rusher in franchise history, behind only Jamal Lewis. A three-time Pro Bowl selection, Rice is the team’s career leader in total yards from scrimmage (9,214) and is the only player in Ravens history to rush for 1,000 yards in four consecutive seasons.But those are mere numbers, and his actions in that elevator shed a new light on him.“I’m not going to go into what he told us or anything or if it matches or if it doesn’t,” Ravens receiver Torrey Smith said. “That doesn’t matter. What matters is what you see. It wasn’t a pleasant site at all.”Rice hasn’t spoken often to the media since his arrest, but on July 31 he said this is “something I have to live with the rest of my life.”He added: “I know that’s not who I am as a man. … I let so many people down because of 30 seconds of my life that I know I can’t take back.”___By Rob Maadi, AP Pro Football WriterAP Sports Writers David Ginsburg in Baltimore, Brett Martel in Metairie, Louisiana, and Tim Booth in Renton, Washington, and AP freelancer Jeff Seidel in Baltimore contributed to this report.___TweetPinShare0 Shareslast_img read more

De Bruyne: Mourinho dispute led to Chelsea exit

first_imgKevin De Bruyne De Bruyne discloses Mourinho dispute which led to Chelsea departure Chris Burton Last updated 1 year ago 20:45 11/25/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(13) Kevin De Bruyne to Chelsea Getty Images Kevin De Bruyne José Mourinho Chelsea Manchester City Premier League The Belgian midfielder maintains that he was never given a fair chance by a stats-obsessed boss, but acknowledges that things worked out for the best Kevin De Bruyne has revealed how Jose Mourinho’s obsession with statistics led to disagreements and his departure from Chelsea.The Blues put a deal in place for the Belgian midfielder back in 2012, but would offer him just nine first-team appearances before he was offloaded to Wolfsburg two years later.De Bruyne 17/10 to score v Burnley Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player A reluctance to trust a then emerging talent has come back to haunt Chelsea, with De Bruyne having developed into one of European football’s top creative influences.He is now back in the Premier League shining for Manchester City and believes that despite being frustrated by his treatment at Stamford Bridge, everything has worked out for the best.De Bruyne told The Times on his disputes with Mourinho: “I just said I can play. I have no statistics – two games, what do you want me to do?Kevin De Bruyne Jose Mourinho Chelsea stats exit“I had a feeling I wasn’t even going to play. Even if he said you’re going to play more games, from two games I was maybe going to go to five. It was, for me, a good decision to leave.“For them, in the end, it was also a good decision. They sold me for more money for a player who didn’t play.“I played in Germany for a good year [at Bremen on loan], so that’s why my value went up. But I went to Wolfsburg just to play football. I hate it when I cannot contribute.“For me, it’s more and more about the team now. When I was a young guy I tried to establish myself, play good and be a professional player. The more it goes on, I am less and less busy about myself.“Now I know I’m an established professional footballer, I’m here, I have my contract, I have everything I want and now it’s about winning.”De Bruyne is going the right way about hitting that target this season.The 26-year-old has been in inspired form for City as Pep Guardiola’s side have enjoyed an unbeaten start to the 2017-18 campaign.They have surged clear of defending champions Chelsea and the rest of the chasing pack in the Premier League title race, while also progressing positively in the Carabao Cup and Champions League.De Bruyne has been a key figure in City’s early-season dominance, registering four goals and nine assists across all competitions.last_img read more

Police say BC farm search continues despite removal of shelters equipment

first_imgSALMON ARM, B.C. – Temporary shelters and heavy equipment have been removed from a British Columbia farm where the remains of an 18-year-old woman were found.But RCMP say the search of the site is active and ongoing and the investigation into Traci Genereaux’s death continues.Genereaux’s death is being treated as suspicious by police.Mounties began searching the rural property near Salmon Arm on Oct. 19 and last week confirmed Genereaux’s remains were found.Cpl. Dan Moskaluk says resource requirements are continually being assessed and as a result some resources are no longer required.He says a dedicated tip line remains in place and anyone who may have seen Genereaux or have any information is asked to call police.RCMP say they are working to establish a timeline of her whereabouts on the days leading up to May 29 when she was last heard from in Vernon, B.C.last_img read more

150 artists receive up to 10K to continue their work

first_imgJohn Murray APTN National NewsMore than 100 artists and dignitaries gathered at the Manitoba legislature on Victoria Day for the Reveal Indigenous Arts Awards.This one time award was established to provide support to both emerging and established artists.jmurray@aptn.calast_img

Texas Muslim Man Killed in Possible Hate Crime

Rabat – A Muslim Iraqi immigrant was shot and killed last week by gunmen in Dallas, Texas.The immigrant has been identified as 36-year-old Ahmed Al-Jumaaili. He had been in the United States for just three weeks before the shooting that claimed his life. He had travelled from war-torn Iraq to join his wife in north Texas where he thought he would be safer away from the threat of the Islamic State and sectarian violence.According to media reports, Ahmed Al-Jumaaili stood outside of their apartment with his brother to enjoy snowfall for the very first time, while his wife took pictures. He was then shot by what residents would later describe to the authorities as a group of two to four men. One of them raised a rifle and shot Al-Jumaaili who died later at Texas Health Presbyterian hospital in Dallas. This incident comes only one month after the shooting of three young Muslims dead in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The shooting was described by the victims’ families as a “hate crime”.Police have not ruled out the possibility that the murder of Al-Jumaaili is a hate crime. However, many in the United States have criticized the lack of media coverage given to the story. They took to Twitter to express their outrage under the hashtag #MuslimLivesMatter.Another Muslim killed, and hardly any media coverage, #MuslimLivesMatter , are you sure about that. #DallasShooting— Abdul Raheem Rudolph (@rudol9h) 6 Mars 2015 RIP Ahmad Al-Jumaili. He was shot in the chest, part of a hate crime, in Texas. #MuslimLivesMatter #Justice4AlJumaili pic.twitter.com/ywE5Zyjxbs— `*sarah (@skbvancity) 8 Mars 2015 Again no coverage&no justice for Muslim victim, apparently stories only matter when Muslims are at fault #DallasShooting #MuslimLivesMatter — Alaa•???? (@ALdublA) 6 Mars 2015 once again a muslim man has been shot in the USA and it has failed to become the headline. #Muslims #MuslimLivesMatter— Fatima Chohan (@FatimaIChohan) 7 Mars 2015

National Research Council computers hacked by Chinese says Canadian spy agency

OTTAWA — Chinese hackers have infiltrated the computer systems at the National Research Council, forcing it to shut down its IT network for an extended period, the federal government revealed Tuesday.The Treasury Board Secretariat said there is no evidence that other government computer systems or data have been compromised.But the NRC’s computers have been isolated from the rest of the government’s systems as a precaution.And the council said it could be some time before a new, more secure system is up and running.“NRC is continuing to work closely with its IT experts and security partners to create a new secure IT infrastructure,” the council said in a statement.“This could take approximately one year however; every step is being taken to minimize disruption.”In a separate statement, the government said one of Canada’s spy agencies, the Communications Security Establishment, detected and confirmed the cyber attack.The intrusion came from “a highly sophisticated Chinese state-sponsored actor,” said the Treasury Board.“We have no evidence that data compromises have occurred on the broader Government of Canada network,” the statement said.Still, the NRC said it has notified the Privacy Commissioner and its clients and stakeholders about the breach.The agency said it would not release further information, citing security and confidentiality reasons.However, it planned to update Canadians on the situation by Thursday.Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird raised concerns over the breach with Chinese government officials in Beijing Tuesday, according to a spokesman for the minister.“The minister took the opportunity to discuss the situation with his counterpart, and they had a full and frank exchange of views on the matter,” said Adam Hodge.“The government takes this issue very seriously and we are addressing it at the highest levels in both Beijing and Ottawa.”Baird is currently on a three-country tour of Asia to promote economic ties among Canada, China, Mongolia and Japan.The National Research Council touts itself as “the Government of Canada’s premier organization for research and development,” which partners its scientists, engineers and business experts with private industry to bring new technologies to market. read more

GreatWest Lifeco profits down as it reports 459 million net income

Companies in this story: (TSX:GWO)The Canadian Press TORONTO — Great-West Lifeco Inc. says profits were down in the second quarter compared with last year as it took a charge and had some investment impairments.The insurance company says it had net earnings of $459 million, or 49 cents per share for the quarter ending June 30, compared with earnings of $831 million or 84 cents per share last year.Adjusted earnings, which exclude a $199 million charge from the sale of part of its U.S. operations, came in at $658 million or 70 cents per share to meet analyst expectations according to financial markets data firm Refinitiv.The company says adjusted earnings were also affected by changes to insurance contract liabilities and the impact of U.K. retail related investment impairments.Great-West says sales were up $1.2 billion to $34.3 billion, an increase of four per cent from the second quarter last year, largely on higher sales in Europe.On July 19, the company’s board approved a plan to combine its Great-West Life, London Life and Canada Life divisions and their holding companies into a single company to be known as The Canada Life Assurance Company. read more

Former RollsRoyce engineer arrested under Official Secrets Act amid fears China tried

A man in his 70s has been arrested as part of a probe under the Official Secrets Act, police said on Thursday, amid reports he was a former Rolls-Royce engineer suspected of divulging secrets about Britain’s new stealth fighter to China.Scotland Yard said the man was arrested on Tuesday afternoon and taken to a police station in Derbyshire before being released under investigation.A search at an address in Derbyshire was ongoing while a search warrant was also executed at an office address in the West Midlands.The man was named by the Sun as  Bryn Jones, a former chief combustion technologist, who it said had been detained in connection with efforts by China to obtain classified information about Britain’s new £100million RAF stealth fighter jet.The 73-year-old former Rolls-Royce employee was reportedly held after MI5 received information that classified details were passed to Beijing. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. The F-35 programme is the world’s largest defence development, worth over $1.3trillion. UK industry provides 15 per cent of each of the 3,000 aircraft currently on the order books and at peak production 25,000 British jobs will be supported throughout the supply chain. He was detained in an “ultra-discreet” swoop by officers from Scotland Yard’s SO15 counter-terrorism command at his home on Tuesday, it was reported.Mr Jones, who describes himself as a “visiting professor” in “gas turbine combustion” at the Aeronautical Uni­versity of Xian, central China, denies any wrongdoing, the newspaper reported. The investigation reportedly centres on information about the F-35 Lightning II jet, which arrived in Britain last week.  Britain has committed to buying 138 F-35 fighter aircraft and has so far bought 48 at a cost of £9.1 billion.   read more

Peak Gold PEA Alaska shows robust grade and low operating cost

first_imgRoyal Gold reports that the Peak Gold, LLC joint venture, of which its Royal Alaska, LLC subsidiary owns a 40% interest, has completed a PEA on the Peak Gold project located near Tok, Alaska, USA. The PEA presents a robust open pit mining operation with attractive economics at base case gold and silver prices. All results presented herein are on a 100% Peak Gold basis.Highlights of the PEA results, assuming base case metal price parameters of $1,250/oz of gold and $17.00/oz of silver, include:Pre-tax NPV5% of $393 million and IRR of 37.0%After-tax NPV5% of $283 million and IRR of 29.1%Mine life of eight years with a 24-month pre-production period9.3 Mt processed at an average grade of 3.99 g/t Au and 11.7 g/t AgAverage metallurgical recoveries of 91.6% for gold and 57.0% for silverLife of mine recovered gold of 1.093 Moz and 1.996 Moz of silverLife of mine strip ratio of 3.9 t of waste to tonnes of material processedLife of mine total cash cost of $428/oz of gold recovered, and $/470/oz of gold recovered including sustaining capitalLife of mine capital cost of $340 million, consisting of $294 million of initial development capital, and sustaining capital and closure costs of $46 millionAfter-tax payback period for initial development capital of approximately two years.The PEA was prepared by JDS Energy and Mining of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.“The results of the PEA are a significant milestone and show that the Peak Gold Project is one of the most interesting emerging gold projects in the US,” commented Tony Jensen, President and CEO of Royal Gold. “The combination of robust grade, near-surface open-pit resource, and a large and prospective land package located close to existing infrastructure, makes the Peak Gold project unique. Royal Gold is committed to this exciting project over the long term and will focus on opportunities to realize the value of our interest in a manner more closely aligned with our core business model.”The PEA considers a conventional truck and shovel open-pit mining operation covering the North, Main and West Peak deposits, feeding a 3,500 t/d processing plant with two-stage crushing, grinding and a CIL recovery circuit, with production of gold-silver doré bullion on site. The PEA is based on an update of the mineral resource estimate for the Peak and North Peak deposits previously announced by Royal Gold (June 2, 2017 press release).last_img read more

Oxfam Focus and Garda Trust all benefit from €2m Poor Box fund

first_imgNEW FIGURES FROM the Courts Service detailing some €2 million paid out to charities from the courts ‘Poor Box’ show that Oxfam Ireland was the biggest beneficiary of the fund in 2012.The charity received €126,200 from the courts system, with five other organisations also receiving donations above €50,000: they were the Friends of St. Patrick’s, the Cappuchin Day Centre, Sightsavers International, the Christian Blind Mission and Action Aid Ireland.The Garda Benevolent Trust Fund, Aware and the Jack and Jill Foundation were all inside the top 20, and received donations of over €20,000 each.Overall, €2,009,445 was paid out to over 700 charities, groups and individuals over the 12 month period, the Courts Service confirmed.Historical precedentThe practice of courts directing that money be paid into a poor box in lieu of, or in conjunction with another penalty, is a practice that pre-dates the foundation of the State.It’s predominantly used by the District Courts who deal with criminal offences of a less serious nature than other jurisdictions.  The individual amounts can vary substantially depending on factors like ability to pay, other penalties imposed and the nature of the offences committed.The option is generally used where the offence is minor in nature and wouldn’t attract a jail sentence. It’s most frequently used by judges dealing with public order offences, including breaches of the peace, disorderly conduct or failure to comply with a direction from the gardaíIt’s also sometimes utilised for road traffic incidents — last month, Monegall resident and eighth cousin of Barack Obama  Henry Healy was ordered to pay €500 into the Poor Box after pleading guilty to careless driving in May of last year.  The judge in the case described him as a man who had “an impeccable record in terms of road safety” and “an impeccable record of service to the Irish State”.A spokesperson for the Courts Service said there were many reasons the poor-box option may be used, including cases where the accused had never previously been before the courts or where a conviction might be inappropriate, or might adversely affect employment.The Law Reform Commission recommended in 2005 that the operation of the poor box be put on a statutory footing and updated in the context of a reformed Probation of Offenders Act, which covers cases where offenders are considered unlikely to be in trouble with the law again.Judge Catherine McGuinness, a former chair of the Commission, said the body had made a number of recommendations to make the system more accountable.“We felt was that it was a fairly arbitary system,” McGuinness told Newstalk Breakfast. “But it has its virtues certainly — the Commission recommended that it should be put on a statutory basis that would make it more transparent and that there would be proper rules.“It was recommended that rather than leaving it to individual judges to decide what charities would benefit, all the money should be paid into one pot and a committee should be set up to administer that and decide which charities should benefit.”McGuinness said that while the list of the top 20 organisations named in the 2012 list were all “highly virtuous”, some “rather odd” choices of charity had been made by judges over the years.Read: Two men and two women arrested over Lamb Alley assaultRead: Charities, revised estimates and everything else happening in Leinster House todaylast_img read more

Hellblade Has Me More Excited to Play God of War

first_img Hands-On: ‘Stranded Sails’ Is a Relaxing Farm Sim AdventureHere’s an Hour of Incomprehensible ‘Death Stranding’ Gameplay I’ve been a fan of the God of War series since the beginning. Because of that, I am understandably excited to play the new God of War. With that said, I had some concern after seeing its initial trailer. After all, this upcoming installment will (seemingly) ditch many of the franchise’s conventions to deliver something fresh. While I admit the old formula had gotten stale, I was unsure if this new direction would actually work.Then I played Hellblade: Senua’s Sacrifice.Hellblade is the latest game from developer Ninja Theory. It tells the story of a young Celtic warrior who suffers from mental illness. Despite her inner turmoil, Senua bravely faces off against ancient Norse gods and the challenges put before her. Though it is an indie game, Hellblade has the same production value of a full AAA title. In some ways, Hellblade reinvents the action adventure genre that God of War firmly belongs to.While going through Hellblade, I couldn’t help but think about how excited it made me about playing the new God of War. We haven’t gotten a complete look at God of War’s gameplay, but it seems to share many similarities with Hellblade. Because of Hellblade‘s brilliant execution, I am now less worried about God of War. If God of War is anything like Hellblade, it could potentially be the best entry in the venerable series.Based on the trailers, God of War appears to have an extremely close-up camera angle. This type of viewpoint could potentially make combat more difficult, if not downright confusing. Hellblade’s point of view is also extremely close. However, even when surrounded by multiple enemies, I never found the camera angle burdensome. I was perfectly aware of my surroundings at all times.Since this extremely close-up angle isn’t a hindrance in Hellblade, then it shouldn’t present a problem in God of War if implemented correctly. Hellblade does a great job of giving you spacial awareness through the voices in Senua’s head. If a voice says “behind you” then you’ll know to dodge. Kratos will travel with his son, so it’s possible he’ll warn his father about enemy sneak attacks. There are a variety of ways to handle this, but God of War can deliver satisfactory combat even with the camera being so close to Kratos.In the original God of War series, Kratos fought the Greek gods. This time, he faces the deities of Norse mythology. This is an idea the God of War team had for many years but are now actually realizing. In all honesty, I thought the concept of Kratos headlining a world tour where he killed regional gods was corny. I was perfectly fine with him sticking to the Greek pantheon. Seeing Kratos battling a frost giant and meeting the world serpent made me realize how wrong I was.One of my favorite aspects of Hellblade is how deep it delves into Norse mythology. There are runes scattered throughout the game that regales Senua with ancient Norse stories. Much in the way the God of War series taught me about Greek myths, Hellblade enlightened me on Norse mythology. These stories and the cold north that inspired them are actually perfect for an action game. Since God of War has a higher budget than Hellblade, it can contain a great number of interesting Norse gods and characters.From the look of the trailers, God of War will have a more serious tone than previous installments. Some have even compared it to The Last of Us in that regard. Though God of War delved into the tragedy of Kratos’ life, it mostly focused on his blood lust and anger toward the gods. I found this new, more somber direction intriguing. At the same time, I feared the game would somehow diminish the powerful Kratos.The core of Hellblade is about Senua overcoming her inner demons. Throughout the game, disturbing voices and dark visions plague Senua’s mind. She has difficulty discerning reality from illusion. It’s a very harrowing journey, especially for those who have experience with mental illness. Despite being such an emotional game, Hellblade is still exciting to play. There is no ludo-narrative dissonance here. Exhilarating gameplay and captivating story blend seamlessly together.Hellblade’s masterful balance of action and pathos is something that could work equally well in God of War. There is no reason why Kratos can’t display a greater range of emotions while still retaining his powerful persona. More than any game I’ve played recently, Hellblade shows that even a mighty warrior is susceptible to human frailty. I want to see Kratos go through a similar journey as Senua.If you’re one of the folks concerned about God of War’s new direction, please do yourself a favor and play Hellblade: Senua’s Sacrifice. If you’re like me, then playing through this game should help alleviate some of the concerns you may have about Kratos’ upcoming adventure. Hellblade gives us a good idea of what to expect in God of War and shows there’s still room to innovate the action genre.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on targetlast_img read more

Soybean Growers Relieved to Hear Positive Trade News from G20

first_imgThe American Soybean Association (ASA) was pleased to hear positive reports from the G20 Summit Saturday night that President Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping have potentially agreed to deescalate the current trade friction by not raising tariffs further while negotiations continue. According to a White House statement, China has also agreed to purchase more U.S. agricultural and other products.John Heisdorffer, a soybean grower from Keota, Iowa, and ASA president said, “This is the first positive news we’ve seen after months of downturned prices and halted shipments. If this suspension of tariff increases leads to a longer-term agreement, it will be extremely positive for the soy industry. We want to begin repairing damage done to our trade relations with China, which has been essential to successful soybean exports for years.”Under the agreement reached on Saturday, tariffs on $200 billion worth of goods will not increase to 25 percent on January 1 from the current 10 percent level. Details have not been announced regarding the quantity of U.S. goods that China will purchase, but the White House statement indicated that purchases of ag products would begin immediately.Trump and Xi struck the deal during a dinner Saturday night following the G-20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The agreement apparently has a moratorium of 90 days for both sides to come to resolution on issues including technology transfer, intellectual property protection, and other concerns.“During the 90-day negotiating period, ASA hopes to see China reopen its market to significant U.S. soybean imports as a key confidence-building step that will help restore our trade relationship,” Heisdorffer said. “This is an important opportunity to demonstrate positive momentum that will strengthen efforts on both sides to restore economic relations that are mutually beneficial.”last_img read more