United StatesAmericas May 17, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Recommendations for a federal law protecting journalists’ sources Receive email alerts News RSF_en Help by sharing this information News The U.S. Department of Justice’s seizure of Associated Press phone records has highlighted the urgency of the need for a shield law guaranteeing the protection of journalists’ sources at the federal level in the United States, a need that Reporters Without Borders has been emphasizing for years.Following reports that the White House is supporting the reintroduction of a proposed federal shield law in the Senate, Reporters Without Borders has drafted detailed recommendations for such a law.“There is no freedom of information worthy of its name without protection of journalists’ sources,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “Spying on journalists’ investigative reporting violates democratic principles.”1 – The future shield law must reaffirm the principle of the protection of sources as a pillar of freedom of information, guaranteed by the First Amendment.The bond of trust between journalists and their informants depends on the former being able to protect the latter’s anonymity, especially if the information is sensitive in nature. The lack of such a guarantee makes it much harder for journalists and news media to fulfil their duty to provide information. The possibility of violating the confidentiality of journalists’ sources should exist only in exceptional cases specified by the future law (see below). 2 – The future law should strictly limit exceptions to the protection of sources.Any departure from the rule of source confidentiality must be the subject of a specific, detailed and notified request. There must be a possibility of appeal, and there should be no implementation without prior judicial control.An exception to the confidentiality of sources can be envisaged if:- Identification of the source is essential in order to prevent an attack on the physical integrity or life of one or more persons.- Identification of the source is essential in order to prevent an imminent attack on the nation’s territory or vital interests (which was not the case with the Associated Press’s sources, as the agency’s May 7,2012 story was about a bombing that the CIA had foiled).3 – The future law must extend the categories covered by protection of sources.The protection of sources must apply not only to journalists but also to all media employees and to all those who help to gather, process, prepare, produce or disseminate news and information, regardless of the media. The protection of sources should also apply to documentary filmmakers, the authors of books of a journalistic nature (even if they are not “journalists”), bloggers and netizens who provide information.4 – The future law should extend the range of content covered by protection of sources.The protection of sources must apply not only to the identity of the person who was the source of the information, but also to information that could lead to that person’s identification. The protection of sources must also cover content that has not been published or broadcast, and personal information (including telephone data and emails) that could facilitate identification.5 – The future law should penalize violations of the protection of sources.“Violating the confidentiality of a journalistic source” should be made a crime by the future law. Such violations should include trying to identify a source, using any information concerning a source, and revealing the source’s identity, especially publicly. Holding a public position should be regarded as an aggravating circumstance for offenders. WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists April 28, 2021 Find out more to go further Organisation News NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say News June 7, 2021 Find out more Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says Follow the news on United States June 3, 2021 Find out more United StatesAmericas
“The fact is that a large part of the capacity in households is placed on the market through foreign online tourist platforms. This entails an outflow of significant funds through high commissions abroad, and at the same time the complete amounts of paid arrangements are “fertilized” on foreign accounts until the moment of payment for accommodation. Although there is currently no additional information about the implementation itself, one thing is certain: The profession agrees that the “state booking portal” in this form is at least a bad idea. It is superfluous to talk about the 5% commission because if it were profitable to work with 5% many would start with such a business model however the cost of marketing and the army of people that such a project requires requires that the commission must be higher. It is known who will cover this difference in our case. The news of the day, which raised a lot of media dust and all-day discussions within the profession, is the announcement of the HDZ’s pre-election program, how it will establish “web booking portal for private accommodation with a commission of up to five percent ””Or National booking portal. Instead of dealing with such things, the state should work on opening access to aggregated tourism data in order to encourage the development of digital tools that would certainly result in raising the competitiveness of domestic tourism. ” pointed out Marko Mišulić from the company Rentlio. “The idea is exactly as it can be expected from domestic politics in the pre-election period. However, this one stands out due to its market unfoundedness, questionable quality of performance and departure from reality. This really makes it special, because standing out in the points of election programs is not at all easy. Let’s learn that lesson every four years. Photo: Pixabay.com The logic of the landlord is that everyone will be happy to advertise on a page that takes less, ie that they have more left (and this logic provides HDZ with a certain number of votes in the election) but the problem is that this commission is 5% of very little potential (the landlord will watch through the prism of its year-round turnover). If the state would persuade renters to go with more favorable prices on such a portal (which would make them less money) then we come to the logic that if it is a comparative advantage of the national portal that the guest who is attractive will find the contact of the owner and directly book and without those 5% charged by the state. In this way, the state helps renters with logistics, and also, these large portals then have lower logistics costs, which can lead to lower commissions. I am not familiar with the details, but the Netherlands has a digitized offer of accommodation and then that offer can be sold through some “state” platform, but that platform is a by-product. The point is to promote the current offer according to commercial channels and platforms. / / / / / / The national tourist organization with the same zeal should represent, for example, national parks and “Rimac automobile”, a small shipbuilding industry that primarily produces leisure boats, the Kornati regatta gajeta and a sophisticated “Croatian tern” on the way around the world. It is best when everyone does their job and when we are all connected to an excellent system of promotion of our country “, says Nedo Pinezić. Costs? To have an operational booking portal you must have customer support 24/7. We are talking about three-shift work here !!! Departments for collections, disbursements, complaints, etc. financial processes should be established. Then the department of people for onboarding and updating ads, then the technical service that after creating such a site and linking it to ALL the most important systems so that the renter can automate work processes (prices, availability, etc.) must be active in maintaining such a site. The state as such must encourage the digital transformation of tourism In any case, the topic that opened Pandora’s box, but which certainly requires a broader expert discussion, regardless of the current political framework. Personally, I see in this project a relatively simple job to do (web portal for booking) but the realization of the project to be somewhat competitive will require hiring a lot of people (probably politically eligible) and a lot of investment in marketing that can not be covered from 5%. In fact, that 5% cannot cover either part of the salaries needed or marketing, and the potential that Google gives also melts those 5% that it cannot be used either. Nedo Pinezić, family accommodation advisor from Dantes Conferences: The National Tourism Organization cannot be a commercial agency, in fact it should be a systematic support to the Croatian tourism industry and a promoter of the overall offer of Croatia Everyone agrees that the idea of a web booking portal for private accommodation with a commission of up to five percent is a bad idea. But let’s go in order…. The Croatian National Tourist Board, as a national promotional organization, can and should have already supported Croatian sales channels through an active platform of travel advisors to and from Croatia. The National Tourist Organization cannot be a commercial agency, on the contrary, it should be a systematic support to the Croatian tourist economy and a promoter of the overall offer of Croatia. It is not just accommodation but a whole range of recognizable Croatian products, cultural and natural attractions, traditional hereditary and innovative endeavors. For example, the world’s two largest online booking platforms spent over $ 2018 billion in 10 on Google advertising alone. How the state booking portal plans to generate demand to compete with global platforms and offer it all for a much lower price of the service than the market is difficult for me to assess. But what is not difficult to assess is the final outcome of such ideas. We have German partners who distribute 20.000 accommodation units through their system to about 20 portals and in that case the renters pay a commission of 10-12%, and at the same time, they do not depend only on one big player, but open sales channels to global players, regional portals and even portals and promotional channels of tourist boards. But before the deeper and wider analysis that will be in the coming months on the establishment of a “state” booking portal, I asked the opinion of tourism experts; Marko Mišulić from the company Rentlio, Ned Pinezic from the company Dantes counseling , Ivan Ilijašić from the company Orioles te Nina Dubretić from the company Direct Booker. It is best when everyone is doing their job and when we are all tied to one great promotion system of our country The state must encourage the development of digital tools that would certainly result in raising the competitiveness of domestic tourism In my opinion, the direction in which the state should go is the digitalization of the offer, not only of accommodation, but of any content. The state, with the best of intentions, cannot compete in the market with a platform like this in the announcement. What the state can do is group the offer, verify the quality of the same and then, and promote this data through the central system to portals such as booking.com. “The state as such must encourage the digital transformation of tourism. In this way we can get guests who will find it easier to book accommodation, book at any time of the year, get to the destination and more easily experience what makes the destination. But the state cannot pretend to be a platform that has decades of experience behind it, tens of thousands of employees who understand how digital tourism works and then despite all that, want to charge 5%. Recently, the French government announced the establishment of a platform that will compete with Booking, AirBnBu and so that renters would not pay a 15-25% commission on large platforms. But that raises a lot of questions. How will this platform be promoted? How will guests get to that platform, who will manage that platform? And how will that 5% cover all of the above costs? Namely, the price of the apartment offered on such a state portal (so that the renter has more left) is the same price as on booking, Airbnb, etc. Why would Hans from Hamburg, who travels all over the world via booking or AirBnb, use a new one when he travels to Croatia? a booking channel that offers the same price (probably more expensive because as a regular passenger it is very likely that there are already frequent traveler benefits on these etc. channels)? Marko Mišulić, Rentlio: Instead of dealing with such things, the state should work on opening access to aggregated tourist data Creating a booking portal is not an overly difficult thing. Even filling that portal with accommodation offers is not too much of a challenge. What is difficult is to generate and keep the demand on the booking portal, that is, to bring a potential guest to your booking portal in order to make a reservation there. In addition, this guest should be offered a flawless user experience from a technological perspective, strength, warranty and global brand recognition, etc. “The state will launch its own website for booking private accommodation with a commission of 5% to compete with booking.com, airbnb, etc. without taking into account travel agencies that manage private accommodation make up to 30% of direct reservations (and this is a trend in the world in general, especially since Google opened its doors) and the state with this project is in direct competition with such agencies. Why would Hans from Hamburg, who travels all over the world via booking or AirBnb when he travels to Croatia, use a new booking channel that offers the same price So the state needs to help with logistics and see how to help its tourism be more agile and accessible. In my opinion, everything else is a waste of time, money, but also the nerves of the tourism sector, which currently needs realistic and feasible solutions. ” points out Ivan Ilijašić from the company Orioly. All this together makes a huge army of people needed for the functioning of such a project which, in addition to not being more favorable to the guest, needs a HUGE marketing budget in order for the market to receive information that such a portal exists. And when we spend that budget, we will bring it to a page that offers the same or more expensive prices than the pages through which the guest learned to travel and which (realistically) keep the “back” of the owner of the facility in case of refunds and similar situations. Hm. I doubt I would book here. The only way for this project to be profitable is to create a website and one day wake up the world with the ingrained habit of traveling to the state of Croatia through the CNTB website. Everything else is an expensive utopia that will unfortunately be paid for by taxpayers. ” points out Nino Dubretić, from Direct Booker. Nino Dubretić, Direct Booker: The idea of a state web portal for booking private accommodation in my opinion has a lot of questionnaires, and the biggest is the financial viability of the project and who will cover the costs Although the whole story and debate, in my opinion, went in the wrong direction, more political or electoral sphere, which is logical because it is presented as a lump sum through the election program, I personally look at the idea outside the political context and I think it should open an expert debate. and define some frameworks, opinions, solutions, and ultimately the conclusion of the profession. Of course, to release such information without any explanation and discussion within the profession is bad in every respect and ultimately frivolous, and only further creates a rift between the public and private sectors. Instead of collaboration, communication and synergy, we have just the opposite. But tango requires two, and the public sector certainly has the biggest ground here. Ivan Ilijašić, Orioly: The direction in which the state should go is the digitalization of the offer, not only accommodation, but any content Not to be overlooked is the fact that these OTA platforms do not generate demand but follow it, which means that they do not enter the promotion of Croatia but, in fact, capitalize on the promotional value in which the efforts and money of Croatian taxpayers are invested.
FIVE local referee/judges, who participated in the historic two-day seminar recently for Caribbean officials, were presented with certificates on Friday. The certificates were presented by Americas Boxing Confederation (AMBC) vice-president Steve Ninvalle who organised the seminar.Over 150 officials from the English-speaking Caribbean, Curacao, Haiti and Suriname participated.Guyana was represented by AIBA One-Stars Lawrence Assanah and Richard Braithwaite and Elton Chase, Guyana’s first and only AIBA-certified International Technician Officer (ITO). Jermaine Craig, Shenice Agard and Colin Rodney made up the rest of the local team.
New Delhi: A heightened security cover was given on the routes from AIIMS to Arun Jaitley’s residence in Kailash Colony area of South East Delhi. Sources said that as soon as the news of the death of Arun Jaitley broke out, Delhi Police chalked out an action plan related to security. A senior police officer told Millennium Post that the first challenge was to make sure a hassle-free traffic movement in the areas nearby AIIMS.”The police personnel were at the strategic route from where the leaders’ convoys were coming to the hospital,” said the officer. Later the mortal remains of former Union Finance Minister were brought to his residence in Kailash Colony from All India Institute of Medical Sciences. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderThe police officer further said that they conducted anti-sabotage check and rooftop deployment in the areas from where the ambulance carrying the mortal remains of the Arun Jaitley was passing. “We also managed traffic at the small lanes. There was a hassle-free movement of the ambulance,” added officer. On August 9, Arun Jaitley was admitted to AIIMS. Since then, several prominent leaders have been visiting the hospital to inquire about his health condition. Large contingents of security personnel were stationed and the hospital area was heavily barricaded. “We were keeping a strict vigil at AIIMS,” police said. Also Read – Two brothers held for snatchingsSources further added that a meeting was held among senior officers of Delhi Police related to the security arrangements for Sunday when Arun Jaitley’s body will be cremated at Delhi’s Nigambodh Ghat. Officers of various security agencies will be on their toes to make sure that no untoward incident took place during the funeral procession. “At various roads, police will control the movement of vehicles,” police said. Deputy Commissioner of Police (central) Mandeep Singh Randhawa told Millennium Post that they will deploy adequate staff for the funeral procession. “Deployment will be done on the basis of anti-terrorist and crowd management point,” said DCP Central. At Nigambodh Ghat, there will be several layers of security to maintain safety. The top brass of Delhi Police will closely monitor the procession.